The risk-free rate in the CAPM formula accounts for the time value of money. The other components of the CAPM formula account for the investor taking on additional risk. The beta of a potential investment is a measure of how much risk the investment will add to a portfolio that looks like the market. If a stock is riskier than the market, it will have a beta greater than 1.

DDM by Fraser Sherman To manage your portfolio, you need a way to compare your different investments and decide which are worth keeping.

The dividend discount model and the capital asset pricing model are two methods for appraising the value of your investments.

DDM is based on the value of the dividends a share of stock brings in, whereas CAPM evaluates risks and returns compared to the market average.

DDM The dividend discount model bases the current value of your stock shares on the total future value of their dividends. Beyond that point, you have to make do with less detailed projections. CAPM Capital asset pricing models base their evaluation on a different set of factors: Sensitivity is measured based on how past performance compared to the market.

With CAPM you can compare your portfolio or your individual investments to the market and see if they come off as high risk or underperforming.

CAPM, however, is much more widely useful. Even on specific stocks, CAPM has an advantage because it looks at more factors than dividends alone. Long-term financial forecasts are always challenging and DDM is especially so: CAPM also makes assumptions.

For example, when it measures the relationship between returns and risks, it ignores unsystematic risks -- risks that only affect stocks in one particular industry.

If you have a highly specialized portfolio, CAPM may not be as effective a predictor.Nov 18, · Cost of capital is investors' required rate of return on company stock whereas the weighted average cost of capital is the rate used by companies to discount future cash flows back to their present value taking the entire capital structure into account.

The CAPM model assumes a linear relationship between the expected return in a risky asset and its β and further assumes that β is an applicable and sufficient measure of risks that captures the cross section of average returns, that is, .

What is 'Fama and French Three Factor Model' The Fama and French Three-Factor Model is an asset pricing model that expands on the capital asset pricing model (CAPM. Capital Asset Pricing Model and Arbitrage Pricing Theory: Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) is an arithmetical theory that describes the relationship between risk and return in a balanced market.

The Capital Assets Pricing Model was autonomously and simultaneously developed by William Sharpe, Jan Mossin, and John Litner. The Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) is a model that describes the relationship between expected return and risk of investing in a security.

It shows that the expected return on a security is equal to the risk-free return plus a risk premium, which is based on the beta of that security.

CAPM (Capital Asset Pricing Model) According to Modern Portfolio Theory it is possible to eliminate the unsystematic or, as it is also called, the “specific risk” through diversification.

However, no matter how diversified the investments are, the problem of systematic risk still remains unsolved.

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Modern portfolio theory - Wikipedia