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Though traditionally referring only to ethnic Kazakhsincluding those living in China, Russia, Turkey, Uzbekistan and other neighbouring countries, the term "Kazakh" is increasingly being used to refer to any inhabitant of Kazakhstan, including non-Kazakhs.
The Kazakh territory was a key constituent of the Eurasian Steppe routethe ancestor of the terrestrial Silk Roads. Archaeologists believe that humans first domesticated the horse i.
Central Asia was originally inhabited by the Scythians.
The Cuman entered the steppes of modern-day Kazakhstan around the early 11th century, where they later joined with the Kipchak and established the vast Cuman-Kipchak confederation. While ancient cities Taraz Aulie-Ata and Hazrat-e Turkestan had long served as important way-stations along the Silk Road connecting Asia and Europe, true political consolidation began only with the Mongol rule of the early 13th century.
Under the Mongol Empirethe largest in world history, administrative districts were established. These eventually came under the rule of the emergent Kazakh Khanate Kazakhstan.
Throughout this period, traditional nomadic life and a livestock -based economy continued to dominate the steppe. In the 15th century, a distinct Kazakh identity began to emerge among the Turkic tribes, a process which was consolidated by the midth century with the appearance of the Kazakh languageculture, and economy.
Nevertheless, the region was the focus of ever-increasing disputes between the native Kazakh emirs and the neighbouring Persian-speaking peoples to the south. At its height the Khanate would rule parts of Central Asia and control Cumania.
Political disunion, tribal rivalries, and the diminishing importance of overland trade routes between East and West weakened the Kazakh Khanate. Khiva Khanate used this opportunity and annexed Mangyshlak Peninsula.
Uzbek rule there lasted two centuries until the Russian arrival. During the 17th century, the Kazakhs fought Oiratsa federation of western Mongol tribes, including the Dzungar.
During this period the Little Horde participated in the — war against the Dzungar, following their "Great Disaster" invasion of Kazakh territories. The Kazakh suffered from the frequent raids against them by the Volga Kalmyk. Also, the Emirate of Bukhara ruled Shymkent before the Russians took dominance.
The " Great Game " period is generally regarded as running from approximately to the Anglo-Russian Convention of The tsars effectively ruled over most of the territory belonging to what is now the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The Russian Empire introduced a system of administration and built military garrisons and barracks in its effort to establish a presence in Central Asia in the so-called "Great Game" for dominance in the area against the British Empirewhich was extending its influence from the south in India and Southeast Asia.
Russia built its first outpost, Orskin When Sony nominated Kaz Hirai to lead the corporation, he laid out an ambitious strategy that he titled One Sony. Hirai identified three key markets where he wanted Sony to be a leader: digital. This April, Kaz Hirai will step down as Sony CEO in a management transition he proposed to the Sony Nominating Committee.
His successor is company exec Kenichiro Yoshida. My first priority will be to finalize our next mid-range corporate plan starting in April, together with our immediate business plan for the fiscal year , and then move ahead swiftly with implementation.
Give your car the perfect body when you bring it in to the auto experts at Kaz Tire Center in Philadelphia. It offers excellent services, including tire changes and r-bridal.com you need a reliable body shop nearby, you can count on the staff at Kaz Tire Center to get the job done.
Our Make Your Own Candy Kits can be terrific, interactive classroom activities for a wide range of ages and class sizes. The free sample lesson plans here have been written for specific grades, but all the kits may be enjoyed by children from age 5 up, with adult supervision.
The proposed – country operations business plan for Kazakhstan of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) is aligned with ADB’s country partnership strategy (CPS), – for Kazakhstan.