It is repeatedly stated that chemical and biological weapons were heavily used during the war, particularly in mass air-raids against cities, similar to the portrayal of World War III. Following the war, which seems to have petered out rather than been ended by a decisive victory, the global economy collapsed and created an unprecedented worldwide economic crisis. This met with widespread resistance, including large-scale riots at Golders Green and a massacre at the British Museum. Realising that they could not force people to adopt the new lifestyle, the World Controllers instead united the planet into the One World State and began a peaceful campaign of change.
Children are given electric shocks when they touch books in order to condition them to hate literature. They are provided with synthetic, absurd pop-songs for music. The films they watch are called feelies, which are movies that the viewer is able to experience with all the senses.
The storylines of these films are terribly simple, but the crude, sensuous plot is another way that the people experience pleasure and physical satisfaction. Poetry and rhyme are exclusively used for propaganda.
This is one of the reasons why Helmholtz is banished from the community. He wants to create poetry to express his innermost feelings, which is a dangerous thing. He tells Bernard, I feel as though I were just beginning to have something to write about.
As though I was beginning to be able to use that power I feel I've got inside me—that extra, latent power. After John, Helmholtz, and Bernard have been arrested, Mustapha Mond explains why popular art in this society is so crude and vulgar: You've got to choose between happiness and what people used to call high art.
We've sacrificed the high art.
We have the feelies and the scent organ instead. In order to appreciate high art like Shakespeare, people must be able to experience instability, loss, grief, pain, and love. The people of this society are satisfied and comfortable without these deep thoughts and emotions.Soma is a kind of opiate in Brave New World that causes people to feel happy so that they don't concentrate on the reality that they live in .
Huxley was an upper-class British writer, but he visited America in and wrote 'Brave New World' in Although he enjoyed his visit, Huxley also said that America "is all movement and noise, like the water gurgling out of a bath.".
Brave New World is chockfull of references to one Shakespeare play after another. (See "Allusions.") But the most important reference, at least thematically, is to The Tempest. The line in question is this: "Oh, wonder! / How many goodly creatures are there here!
/ How beauteous mankind is! O brave. In Brave New World Revisited, a series of essays on topics suggested by the novel, Huxley emphasizes the necessity of resisting the power of tyranny by keeping one's mind active and free.
The individual freedoms may be limited in the modern world, Huxley admits, but they must be . Huxley’s Brave New World can be seen as a critique of the overenthusiastic embrace of new scientific discoveries.
The first chapter reads like a list of stunning scientific achievements: human cloning, rapid maturation, and prenatal conditioning. Brave New World Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for Brave New World is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.